TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS
Sakura can be seen everywhere in Japan, shown in a wide range of consumer goods, including kimono, stationery, and kitchen equipment. For the Japanese, the cherry is an important symbol, which is often associated with women, life, death, and also a symbol for human mengeksperesikan bonds, courage, sadness, and joy. Sakura is also a metaphor for characteristics that are not eternal life.
description of Cherry tree is one of the trees belonging to the family Rosaceae, genus Prunus is similar to a plum tree, peach, or apricot, but generally fall within Subgenus sakura sakura. The origins of the word “sakura” is the word “pocket” (Japanese for “flower”) plus the suffix which states the plural “ra”. In English, called cherry blossoms cherry blossoms. Flower color depending on the species, there is white with a little pink, yellow, pink, light green or red light. Flower classified into 3 types based on the composition of the leaf crown: •
a single flower with a layer of petals • double flowers with layered petals • semi-double flowers Flowering cherry trees once a year, on the island of Honshu, cherry flower buds begin to appear someiyoshino species in late winter and flowers bloom in late March to early April when the weather began to warm. In Japan, the flowering cherry species from Okinawa someiyoshino begins in February, resumed on the island of Honshu to the west, arrived at Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto at around late March to early April, then move gradually to the north, and ending in Hokkaido in Golden Week holidays. Every year analysts map out the movement sakura cherry blossoms blooming someiyoshino from west to east and north called sakurazensen. Using known map locations sakurazensen can cherry blossoms in full bloom at a particular moment.  Characteristic Someiyoshino of cherry blossoms (Prunus × yedoensis Matsum. Cv. Yedoensis) Cherry trees (species someiyoshino), approximately 2 months after the flowers bloomed) Sakura characteristic is the interest species someiyoshino earlier bloom before the leaves begin to come out. Tens, hundreds, even thousands of trees that are in the same location, the flowers begin to bloom in unison and fall one by one at almost the same time. Someiyoshino of cherry blossoms can last only approximately 7 to 10 days calculated from the flower buds begin to open until the flowers begin to fall. Cherry blossoms collapse depends on weather conditions and is often precipitated by heavy rains and strong winds. Some birds are known to eat the flowers that taste sweet, whereas pigeons eat all the flowers. Rare opportunity rollicking picnic under the cherry trees to enjoy the flowering of cherry blossoms is called hanami (ohanami). We do hanami is when all the cherry trees in a place all the flowers are blooming. In Japan there are standards to inform the cherry blossoms bloom, starting from the opening of flower buds (kaika), 10% of the flowering buds in the tree (ichibuzaki) until the flowers bloom all (mankai). Flowers falling out soon replaced by young leaves. Cherry tree that flowers begin to fall out and begin to grow new leaves as much as 10% called ichibu hazakura. Meanwhile, the cherry trees are all the flowers had fallen out and only have the young leaves is called hazakura (cherry leaf). Flowers of the tree species yamazakura slower than blossom type someiyoshino and flowers bloomed as his young leaves.  Consumption of cherry blossoms Leaves and cherry blossoms that have been soaked in salt water (shiozuke) used for food for the aromatic fragrance. cherry cake rice cake is wrapped moci sakura leaf. There are also ice cream and pastries taste the cherry blossoms. Cherry blossom tea is generally drunk at special occasions such as weddings. Twigs and buds of the cherry blossoms are also used as a natural dye.  Species Ukon cherry blossoms (Prunus cv lannesiana Wilson. Grandiflora) Kanhizakura (Prunus campanulata Maxim) Yamazakura Most types of cherry trees is a hybrid, such as the type someiyoshino scattered throughout Japan since the Meiji era is hybrid cherry tree in the late Edo period. Sakura of this someiyoshino very widespread, so most people only know someiyoshino (which is one of sakura) as sakura. In the old days before there someiyoshino type, the Japanese know that the cherry blossoms bloom in the mountains called yamazakura and as yaezaki no sakura sakura. At the time the flowering of cherry blossoms, thousands Yamazakura tree that grows in the mountains of Yoshino (Nara Prefecture) to create spectacular view of white, green, and pink. Some types of cherry: • Edohigan Edohigan is cherry that blooms in the Spring equinox day and the longest flower life. Other types of similar ishiwarizakura and edohigan is included yamadakashinyozakura cherry trees are protected. Miharutakizakura is one of the branches hanging edohigan dangling, while known yaebenishidare leaves and flowers of many bright colors. • Hikanzakura Hikanzakura or kanhizakura is also called cherry spread from southern China regions up to the island of Formosa. Kanhizakura are found growing wild in Okinawa Prefecture. For the people of Okinawa, the word “sakura” often means hikansakura. Announcement flowering of cherry blossoms in Okinawa hikanzakura usually means blooming. In Okinawa, hikanzakura flower buds begin to open around January or February. Honshu Island, hikanzakura widely planted starting from the Kanto area to Kyushu and usually start blooming around February or March. • Shidarezakura Shidare type cherry blossoms (Shidarezakura) •
Fuyuzakura Fuyuzakura (winter cherry) is a type of cherry tree that flowers bloomed around November to late December. Onishimachi in Gunma Prefecture is the place to see the famous fuyuzakura.  Sakura and cherries Cherries from the cherry tree to enjoy the flowers Cherry trees produce fruit known as cherries (Japanese: sakuranbo). Cherry young green and the ripe fruits are red to dark red to purple. Although its shape is almost similar to the cans of cherries, cherries, cherry trees produced small size and it was not bad so do not be consumed. Cherry trees that produce cherries for general consumption purposes is not to enjoy the flowers and the only plant in the plantation. Largest producer of cherries in Japan are in Yamagata Prefecture. Cherry Japanese domestic products such as the type of Nishiki sato extremely expensive. In Japan, cherry production in the country only purchased for a gift on special occasions. A lot of cherry fruit consumed in Japan is imported cherries from Washington State and California in the United States.